1 minute reading time (280 words)

Presidents 13-15 - American History Lesson #6

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See Lesson #5 here.

Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)

Millard Fillmore was the 13th president of the United States. Fillmore appointed Daniel Webster as Secretary of State which solidified his alliance with the Whigs who favored the compromise. Breaking up Clay's single legislative package, Douglas presented five separate bills to the Senate:

  1. Admit California as a free state.
  2. Settle the Texas boundary and compensate her.
  3. Grant territorial status to New Mexico.
  4. Place Federal officers at the disposal of slaveholders seeking fugitives.
  5. Abolish the slave trade in the District of Columbia.

Each bill received a majority vote and was signed into law by September.

Franklin Pierce (1853-1857)

Franklin Pierce, became the 14th president of the United States during a time of tranquility due to the Compromise of 1850. Pierce attempted to maintain the peace by pursuing the recommendations of southern advisers, but his policies worsened matters for the Union. His actions, particularly regarding expansion, drew criticism from northern opponents who accused him of enabling Southern interests to extend slavery. The Kansas-Nebraska Act, championed by Senator Douglas, exacerbated the slavery debate by nullifying the Missouri Compromise, leading to violent conflicts in Kansas.

James Buchanan (1857-1861)

The 15th president of the United States, James Buchanan, was the only president who never married. Buchanan tried to balance the interests of different regions with his appointments and waited for the Supreme Court to decide on slavery in the territories. But when the Dred Scott decision favored slavery and he pushed for Kansas to become a slave state, it made things worse. This led to more fighting between different parts of the country, causing the Democratic Party to split and Abraham Lincoln to become president.


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Monday, 17 June 2024

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