Introduction to January 2024 GSW - Thoughts from the Editor
Best wishes for a healthy and successful 2024. We are looking forward to bringing you information and resources for New Jersey women and girls. One of our goals is to provide thought-provoking articles that will get you thinking. This will be a pivotal year for American democracy and its promise of government by "We the People." The promise of the United States Constitution is that all people are created equal and are guaranteed the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Individual choice to live life as we see it is the basic tenant of the American dream. Many articles will focus on the fact that many of the choices for women and girls are being taken away. Access to health care and voting privileges are just two rights being threatened.
Hope you stay tuned. We will also be developing a series of articles about New Jersey women in a variety of careers. These will be informative and thought-provoking.
Just as we think cursive writing is a basic ingredient of a good education, we also think that civics is important. To understand why thousands of people daily surge across our border, you need to understand why we are unique. How did America become what it is today? We have put together a timeline on exploration that precedes 1776.
United States History Prior To 1776
Recorded Exploration of the Western Hemisphere begins in 1492 when Columbus arrived at San Salvador (Bahamas). In 1492, John Cabot explored the northeast coast of Delaware. In 1513 Juan Ponce De Leon explored the Florida coast. In 1519 Alonso de Pineda sailed the Texas coast; 1524 Giovanni Da Verrazano led a French Expedition from Carolina to Nova Scotia and in 1528 Cabeza de Vaca explored the Gulf Coast, including Florida and Texas. In 1526, the first settlers from Hispaniola established San Miguel de Guadalupe (South Carolina). In 1539 Hernando de Soto landed in Florida; Francisco De Ullova explored the California coast; Marcus De Niza explored New Mexico and Arizona for gold. In 1540, Francesco Vasquez De Coronado explored Southwest, north of the Rio Grande; Hernando De Alacon reaches the Colorado River; Don Garcia Lopez De Cardenas reaches the Grand Canyon. In 1541, Hernando De Soto crosses the Mississippi River; in 1542 Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo enters current day California; 1564-French establish colony at Ft. Caroline (Florida); 1565-Pedro Menendez founds St. Augustine (Florida); 1566-Santa Catalina colony established (Georgia). 1579-Francis Drake enters San Francisco Bay and claims it for Britain; 1582-Antonio De Espejo explores the Southwest, including New Mexico. 1585-first English colony established by Sir Walter Raleigh on Roanoke Island (North Carolina). 1598-settlement at San Juan Pueblo (New Mexico)
In 1607- the English, led by John Smith, settled at Jamestown, Virginia, settled Richmond and drew up the Virginia Charter. A second Charter of the Virginia Company was drawn in 1609. Sant Fe (New Mexico) was settled that year by the Spaniards.
Exploration continued in 1624 when Virginia fell under British control, when the Virginia Company Charter was revoked by Britain. The same year, New Netherland was founded by Dutch West India Co.
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